[This post has been authored by Lavanya Jha (West Bengal University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata) & Shreya Jha (Amity Law School, Delhi).]
The term Artificial Intelligence (AI) was coined by American computer scientist John McCarthy during the Dartmouth Conference on Artificial Intelligence in 1956. It was understood as a system of solving complex problems through reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, navigation, natural language processing, and perception. The shared conception regarding AI has been that it is a method of data processing, wherein the lack of involvement of a processor allows it to have an independent “mind”. Therefore, a processing device like a digital computer through which AI related tasks are accomplished can be viewed as a fundamentally detached, objective observer whereas intelligent behavior can be viewed as a determinate set of independent elements. AI’s primary features can be characterized as unpredictability, rationality, independence, efficiency and accuracy, thereby allowing it to create “patentable” inventions.